Future Resilience for African CiTies And Lands (FRACTAL)

(2015-2019)

FRACTAL aims to change how African cities include climate change in development planning, across water, flooding, energy and associated infrastructure. The interdisciplinary research team will improve understanding of the African regional climate system and integrate climate messages within real-world decisions, strengthening development pathways to resilience.

POC-Simon Dadson

Managing Development and Infrastructure: Understanding state engagements with rural communities

(2016-2019)

The research seeks to understand how government administrators engage with rural households around infrastructure and development projects such as the World Bank’s Sustainable Livelihoods Project and the Oyu Tolgoi gold and copper mega-mine.

POC – Ariell Ahearn

Understanding policy needs and regional cooperation opportunities for improving water allocations in the Middle East: The case of Jordan

(2017-2018)

The project aims to develop a programme and consortium to enable future research into, and pilot implementation of, agricultural productivity instruments that will allow for a superior allocation of Jordan’s scarce water resources in terms of productivity and growth opportunities. It builds on ‘Delivering Food and Water Security in a Middle East in Flux’ project led by Michael Gilmont.

POC – Michael Gilmont

Delivering Food and Water Security in a Middle East in Flux – Insights from Israel and transferable lessons for Jordan and Palestine (DeFWS)

(2016-2017)

In Jordan and Palestine, water scarcity and food insecurity are increasingly understood as existential threats to human security and the natural environment. Israel, which shares a similar geography, has managed to increase agricultural production while reducing pressure on water resources through modifications to agricultural composition and practices. This research analyses the scope for Jordan and Palestine to similarly ‘decouple’ trends in economic and population growth from water usage. The project is funded by the British Council Institutional Links Programme, and is a partnership between Oxford University, Ecopeace (Tel Aviv and Bethlehem) and the West Asia North Africa (WANA) Institute (Amman).

POC – Michael Gilmont

Mobile payment systems to reduce rural water risks in Africa

(2015-2017)

Community management of handpumps has been the accepted mode of thinking for rural water supply over three decades in Africa. This research project aims to improve handpump management by insuring payment risks.

POC – Rob Hope

Does intermittent quality of water supply due to broken handpumps influence diarrhoeal disease incident in rural Kenya?

(2014-2016)

This project seeks to determine the repair interval critical for health in the operation, maintenance and repair of handpumps for domestic water supply in rural Africa, using an innovative epidemiological design, triggered by handpump failures. This work will also inform the wider field of understanding the health impacts of unreliable water supplies and the challenges of modelling the health risks faced by rural communities.

POC – Patrick Thomson

Economics of coastal hazards

(2014-2016)

EcosHaz is a research and knowledge project developing a framework to assess the costs and benefits of prevention and response to coastal hazards such as flooding, shoreline erosion, storm surges, sea level rise and oil spill accidents.

POC – Edmund Penning Rowsell

Insuring against rural water risks in Africa

(2013-2016)

This project is designing a replicable, sustainable and financially-sound rural water supply model to benefit poor people across rural Africa by transforming water user payment behaviours. ‘Smart handpumps’ deliver automatic and reliable information on handpump use, providing a new model for handpump maintenance services.

POC – Rob Hope

Rural water sustainability in Africa

(2014-2016)

This partnership with UNICEF builds on the Oxford team’s work in piloting a new model that ensures improved reliability and sustainability for community handpumps, providing drinking water to the poorest and most marginalised people. Researchers are designing and testing a scalar and replicable model for the sustainable delivery of rural water services, including a pre-payment system that underpins a business model for long-term, local sustainability.

POC – Rob Hope